четверг, 28 мая 2020 г.

Lesson 29/05/20


Friday, the twenty-ninth of May
Topic: Hello summer holidays
Follow the link and review the words you may use on summer holidays. There are 5 exercises, after each exercise click on “finish” to check yourself.



PACE WORK FORM 7 29/05/20


Тема: Види префіксів в англійській мові
1. Presentation of new material
T.: Now, let's learn some new concepts on the topic.
I'll give you the cards (card#1) . You have to read and study the rules.
·         A prefix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the beginning of a word that partly indicates its meaning. For example, the word prefix itself begins with a prefix--pre-, which generally means "before."
·         Understanding the meanings of the common prefixes can help us deduce the meanings of new words that we encounter. But be careful: some prefixes (such as in-) have more than one meaning (in this example, "not" and "into").
Adjectives in English formed with prefixes:
·         A prefix is a particle we add in front of a word, usually to express negative meaning:
un- (unlucky)
in- (invincible)
il- (illegal)
dis- (disproportional)
ir- (irrelevant)
im- (improper)
·         Other prefixes modify the meaning of the word but do not form negative meaning:
pre- (pre-emptive)
hyper- (hyperactive)
Verbs in English formed with prefixes:
·         Prefixes DE, DIS, DI
The prefixes DE, DIS, DI have similar meanings and are found in verbs and their derivatives. Most often, language learners confuse the prefixes DE and DI, which are similar in meaning and have the same pronunciation [di]. (In some cases, DE is pronounced as [de], and DI is pronounced as [dai].)
There are no rules that could help us to choose among these prefixes. Arrange the words with these prefixes in three columns on a page and learn them by comparing their meaning, spelling and pronunciation.
·         Prefix DE
The prefix DE is found in verbs and their derivatives. It has several meanings, such as removal, separation, negation, descent, reverse action.
2. Writing
T.: Now, it is high time to do some tasks. You have some cards.
1) For each prefix, write its definition and as many words as you can that begin with that prefix ( card#2).
2) Use the correct negative prefixes to give the following adjectives an opposite meaning (card#3).
3) Find a prefix on the right to add to the word on the left (card#4).
4) Form negative adjectives from the following nouns/ verbs (card#5).
agree
imagine
bear
revoke
manage
response
human
cook
image source
Card#1
Read and study the tables:


Card#2
For each prefix, write its definition and as many words as you can that begin with that prefix.

Card#3
Use the correct negative prefixes to give the following adjectives an opposite meaning:
conscious
convenient
correct
employed
fair
formal
friendly
healthy
honest
legal
Card#4
Find a prefix on the right to add to the word on the left.

Card#5
Form negative adjectives from the following nouns/ verbs (card#5).
agree
imagine
bear
revoke
manage
response
human
cook
image source


среда, 27 мая 2020 г.

Lesson 28/05/20


Thursday, the twenty-eighth of May
Topic : Vocabulary revision
Do you like watching films?
Follow the link and do the task.
HOMEWORK:
Play a game

PACE WORK FORM 7 28/05/20


Тема: Статуя Свободи - визначна архітектурна пам'ятка
1. Reading
Pre- reading task
T.: Now, let's do some tasks:
1.Tell your partner what you know about the topic.
2.Do a quiz in pairs to find out what you know about the topic.
3. Look at some pictures related to the topic  (card#1).
4. Skimming the first paragraph for gist and then predicting.
Reading
Statue of Liberty

A symbol of freedom, the Statue of Liberty stands in the New York Harbor, welcoming newcomers to the United States. In 1984, the Statue of Liberty was added to the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. Given to the United States as a gift from France, the statue was designed by Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated in 1886. The idea of creating the statue was given by Edouard de Laboulaye, a prominent political thinker, who later became known as the ‘Father of the Statue of Liberty’. Newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer and poetess Emma Lazarus helped to raise funds for the construction of the pedestal.
The statue was designed by a young French sculptor, Frйdйric-Auguste Bartholdi, who was striving to build a statue like the great Colossus that once stood at the Greek island Rhodes.
The statue's face was modeled after his mother's and the story goes that the body was modeled after a prostitute.
The crown of Lady Liberty, as the statue is often affectionately called, has seven spikes, symbolizing the Seven Seas across which liberty should be spread. In her left hand she holds a tablet with the Declaration of Independence and in her right hand a torch, symbolizing Enlightenment.

The statue's steel framework was made by the French engineer Gustave Eiffel, better known as the man behind the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Thanks to an ingenious construction consisting of copper plates attached to the metal framework, the statue is flexible enough to withstand heavy storms. Large iron bars attach the framework to a central pylon.
The Statue of Liberty was constructed in Paris, France. It took nine years before it was completed in 1884 after which it was sent to the USA in 214 crates. Even before the arrival of the statue, Bartholdi himself had traveled to the United States to discuss the location of the statue with president Ulysses S. Grant. Eventually it was decided tot erect the statue at a small island in the harbor of New York City. Today the island is known as Liberty Island.
The biggest and most embarrassing problem was the construction of the pedestal, which had to be paid for by the Americans themselves.
The statue's torch was displayed in Madison Square park for six years - from 1876 until 1882 - in an attempt to spark interest and attract funds. But it was only after publisher Joseph Pulitzer published the names of those who donated money for the project that the funds started flowing in. Eventually, the statue was erected ten years late, in 1886, when it was officially inaugurated by president Grover Cleveland.
The Statue of Liberty is 46,5 meters (151ft) tall and together with the pedestal it reaches a height of 93 meters (305ft). You can take the staircase inside the statue and walk all the way up the 354 steps to the crown from where you have a nice view over New York City.
While - reading task
T.: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
Post - reading task
2. Writing
T.: You have cards (card#2).
1) Please, underline the correct answer.
1. Who gifted the Statue of Liberty to the people of USA?
a) People of Holland
b) People of Belgium
c) People of France
d) People of Canada
2. What is the height of the Statue of Liberty including its pedestal?
a) 375 feet
b) 305 feet
c) 400 feet
d) 325 feet
3. Who sculpted the Statue of Liberty?
a) Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
b) Antoine Etex
c) J. F. Soitoux
d) Ary Scheffer
4. Who designed the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty?
a) Hector Lefuel
b) George Vandervilt
c) Richard Morris Hunt
d) Henry Marquand
5. When was the Statue of Liberty dedicated?
a) 17 February 1862
b) 9 May 1869
c) 1 July 1887
d) 28 October 1886
6. Who dedicated the Statue of Liberty?
a) Abraham Lincoln
b) Grover Cleveland
c) William McKinley
d) Theodore Roosevelt
English: Detail from Pedestal for Bartholdi's ...
Detail from Pedestal for Bartholdi’s Statue of Liberty on Bedloe’s Island, New York Harbor, drawn by W. P. Snyder and published in Harper’s Weekly, June 6, 1885. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
7. What does the woman in the Statue of Liberty hold in her right hand?
a) Broom
b) Orb
c) Sword
d) Torch
8. What does the woman in the Statue of Liberty hold in her left hand?
a) Tablet mentioning the date 4 July 1776
b) Bible
c) Tablet mentioning the Ten Commandments
d) Magna Carta
9. Who wrote the sonnet, The New Colossus, inscribed on the plaque of the Statue of Liberty’s pedestal’s entrance?
a) O. Henry
b) Emma Lazarus
c) Nathaniel Hawthorne
d) Jane Austen
10. When was the name Bedloe’s Island changed to Liberty Island?
a) 1904
b) 1912
c) 1948
d) 1956
2) Write an article (10 sentences) about the Statue of Liberty.
Card#1

Card#2
Underline the correct answer.
1. Who gifted the Statue of Liberty to the people of USA?
a) People of Holland
b) People of Belgium
c) People of France
d) People of Canada
2. What is the height of the Statue of Liberty including its pedestal?
a) 375 feet
b) 305 feet
c) 400 feet
d) 325 feet
3. Who sculpted the Statue of Liberty?
a) Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
b) Antoine Etex
c) J. F. Soitoux
d) Ary Scheffer
4. Who designed the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty?
a) Hector Lefuel
b) George Vandervilt
c) Richard Morris Hunt
d) Henry Marquand
5. When was the Statue of Liberty dedicated?
a) 17 February 1862
b) 9 May 1869
c) 1 July 1887
d) 28 October 1886
6. Who dedicated the Statue of Liberty?
a) Abraham Lincoln
b) Grover Cleveland
c) William McKinley
d) Theodore Roosevelt
English: Detail from Pedestal for Bartholdi's ...
Detail from Pedestal for Bartholdi’s Statue of Liberty on Bedloe’s Island, New York Harbor, drawn by W. P. Snyder and published in Harper’s Weekly, June 6, 1885. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
7. What does the woman in the Statue of Liberty hold in her right hand?
a) Broom
b) Orb
c) Sword
d) Torch
8. What does the woman in the Statue of Liberty hold in her left hand?
a) Tablet mentioning the date 4 July 1776
b) Bible
c) Tablet mentioning the Ten Commandments
d) Magna Carta
9. Who wrote the sonnet, The New Colossus, inscribed on the plaque of the Statue of Liberty’s pedestal’s entrance?
a) O. Henry
b) Emma Lazarus
c) Nathaniel Hawthorne
d) Jane Austen
10. When was the name Bedloe’s Island changed to Liberty Island?
a) 1904
b) 1912
c) 1948
d) 1956

вторник, 26 мая 2020 г.

Lesson 27/05/20


Wednesday, the twenty-seventh of May.
Topic: Kyiv.
Cultural Crossroads: p.24-25
1.Watch the video:
2. Write down new words and learn them (you can check new words on p.25)
Fellow - товариш
Definitely
Miniature - мініатюра
Entertainment complex - розважальний комплекс
Model - модель
Attraction - привабливе місце
Caravan - караван
Needle - голка
Flea - блоха
Fit - підходити
Magnificent - чудовий
Magnifying glass - збільшувальне скло
Microscope - мікроскоп
Adventurous - пригодницький
Involve - включає
Tunnel - тунель
Monastery - монастир
Thrilled - в захваті
Headscarf - хустинка
The greate outdoors - чудові
Gathered - зібрані
Vast - величезний
Stunning - приголомшливий
Feed -годувати
Squirrel - білка
2.Read the text  and do the task Ex 2 a)b) p.24-25
Homework: Write Ex.2,3 p.25 in your copybook and send photo to your teacher.

PACE WORK FORM 7 27/05/20


Тема: Динозаври. Походження та еволюція. Походження динозаврів.


1. Reading
Pre- reading task
 The theme of our today's lesson is Dinosaurs.
Reading
Paths of Dinosaur Evolution
Dinosaurs didn't spring suddenly into existence two hundred million years ago, huge, toothy, and hungry for grub. Like all living things, they evolved, slowly and gradually, from previously existing creatures--in this case, a family of primitive reptiles known as the archosaurs ("ruling lizards").
On the face of it, archosaurs weren't all that different from dinosaurs. However, these ancient reptiles were much smaller than most dinosaurs, and they had certain characteristic features (relatively splay-footed postures, for example) that set them apart from their more famous descendants. Paleontologists even believe they may have identified the single genus of archosaur from which all dinosaurs evolved: Lagosuchus ("rabbit crocodile"), a quick, tiny reptile that scurried across the forests of the early Triassic (and that also goes by the name Marasuchus).

This, unfortunately, is where we encounter one of those disagreements so common in paleontology. Scientists are unsure whether archosaurs coexisted with the therapsids (mammal-like reptiles) of the late Permian period (over 250 million years ago), or whether they appeared on the scene after the Permian/Triassic boundary, a geologic upheaveal that killed about three-quarters of all land-dwelling animals on earth. This would place the first archosaurs in the early Triassic period, a few million years later.

Also--and somewhat confusingly--it seems that later archosaurs (like Desmatosuchus ) coexisted with the earliest dinosaurs (like Eoraptor and Herrerasaurus ). In evolutionary terms, this poses no contradiction: evolved animals often wind up living side-by-side with the (relatively unevolved) descendants of their "progenitor" species. But it does pose a problem to paleontologists trying to definitively classify Triassic-period fossils.

Archosaurs weren't the only lizard-like creatures roaming the earth before the dinosaurs; there were also the therapsids, some of which looked like strange hybrids of mammals and reptiles. To show the strange twists and turns evolution can take, consider one of the most famous therapsids, Cynognathus ("dog jaw"). About the size of a large dog, Cynognathus may have been covered with fur, and it may also have given birth to live young instead of laying eggs. Most astonishingly, it seems likely that Cynognathus had a warm-blooded metabolism--anticipating the physiology of the first mammals that evolved from the therapsids during the late Triassic period.

The point of this story is that evolution isn't necessarily a linear process: the same adaptations can appear in widely separated epochs, depending on environmental conditions. Yes, we know that dinosaurs evolved from archosaurs, but play the tape of history over again and a whole different race of creatures might have evolved from a progenitor like Cynognathus. Dinosaurs might never have existed, and the first humans might have evolved way back in the Mesozoic Era rather than 60 million years later!
Finally, speaking of mammals, it's more than a little ironic that the dinosaurs owed their tens of millions of years of dominance to the Permian Extinction--because the dinosaurs themselves were wiped out by the K/T Extinction event 65 million years ago, which opened the door for the small, shrew-like mammals that survived to evolve (eventually) into the plus-sized megafauna mammals of the Cenozoic Era, and then into modern humans.

While-reading
T.: While reading the text, please make up a plot.
Post - reading task
2. Speaking
T.: Answer the questions:
1. Name the order of the evolutionary eras from earliest to latest.
2. What was the longest evolutionary era?
3. Name 2 characteristics of the evolution of fish to amphibians.
4. List the order of vertebrate evolution.
5. What 2 characteristics would amphibians have to change to
evolve into reptiles?
6. Why would there be no fossils found from before vertebrate evolution?
7. Name 4 characteristics of the evolution form reptiles to birds.
8. Name 2 characteristics for the evolution of reptiles to mammals.
Our lesson is coming to the end.
So, thank you for your hard work!  The lesson is over.



Card#1


Lesson 29/05/20

Friday, the twenty-ninth of May Topic: Hello summer holidays Follow the link and review the words you may use on summer holidays. The...